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Acheta domesticus
Acheta domestica male
Male house cricket
Common names: House cricket
Size: 0.63-0.83 inches
Color: Brown
Defense: None
Range: Southwest Asia, Eastern U.S., Southern California, parts of Europe
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Antrhopoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Family: Gryllidae
Genus: Acheta
Species: domesticus
Life cycle
Egg
Nymph
Adult


Preparation
Stage consumed: Adult
Cooking method: Stir fried, toasted
Parts consumed: All, or legs removed
Toxicity: None

Known as the house cricket, Acheta domesticus is a brown cricket that averages about 3/4" long. The females are differentiated from the males by the presence of an ovipositor for laying eggs. Adults sometimes shed their kind wings.

HabitatEdit

Acheta domesticus is the only species in this genus which occurs in North America. Wild crickets are found in eastern United States, Southern California, and parts of southern Canada. They're commonly found indoors, which suggests that they benefit greatly from the presence of human activity.

ConsumptionEdit

The earliest known consumption of this particular species comes from the 1976 booklet "Entertain with Insects. Or: The Original Guide to Insect Cookerery" by Ronald Taylor and Barbara Carter.[1] It only occurs there because of their commercial success as a feeder insect (which is still true today).

The tough hind legs are generally removed prior to consumption. They are also often frozen to kill them before cooking, since they are quick and difficult to handle when living.

Crickets are commonly stir fried, baked, and boiled. To introduce entomophagy to westerners, crickets are often ground into a flour so that they are not recognizable as insects. This is the basis behind Chapul energy bars, though the Chapul barsutilize Gryllus assimilis.[2]

RecipesEdit

Lazy chocolate chirp cookies

IngredientsEdit

  • 1 container of refrigerated cookie dough
  • Dry-roasted or chocolate covered crickets

DirectionsEdit

  1. Separate dough into individual cookies on a cookie sheet
  2. Press 3-4 crickets into each cookie (or more for very large cookies)
  3. Bake according to the directions on the cookie dough package

View more cricket recipes on Entomophagy Wiki.

Additional recipes:


FarmingEdit

The house cricket is one of the most commercially successful feeder insects. It is also often bred at home by owners of reptiles or other insectivores. There are commercial foods and water crystals available specifically for breeding crickets at home (crystals are used to keep the crickets from drowning, though damp paper towels are often used instead).

A container with soil or other moist substrate is kept in the breeding container for the females to lay eggs in, and then the container is removed to keep the adult crickets from eating the eggs or young hatchlings.

Here are videos of a commercial and a home breeding setup:

Tour of Timberline Live Pet Food Factory for ReptilesTV04:16

Tour of Timberline Live Pet Food Factory for ReptilesTV

How To Breed Crickets05:30

How To Breed Crickets


LegalityEdit

There are no known legal issues with with the import, export, or sale of this species.

BuyingEdit

This species is commonly available from pet stores and mail order companies, and it is one of the most widely available feeder insects.


Human grade insects can be found at http://worldento.com/world-entomophagy/our-products

MediaEdit

  • A common house cricket
  • A captive Acheta domesticus
  • Chocolate chirp cookies

ReferencesEdit

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